Evolution of calendar from Roman to Modern days

If you’re thinking about the Happy new year 2018 then here’s what you did not know. Have you ever imagined from where the word December and January comes? Have you ever inquired why the supposed New Year is placed right in between these two months? And what it truly represents?

Different cultures have picked different dates for various reasons, and they turn out to be fascinating and complicated reasons.

Ancient Roman Calendar

The original Roman Calendar had only ten months:-

  • The first month was March(Martius) named after the God of War, Mars. It was the month where farming and military campaigns would begin, after a pause. The Spring season also begins in March which is known as the time of rebirth and renewal for the plants and the animals as well as the leaves and the trees and the flowers.
  • April name was used from a Latin word Aperire means “to open.” It is the time of blooming when trees and flowers begin to “open.”
  • May month named after Maia, the Roman Goddess of Growth and it was a commonly considered the time for pleasure.
  • June was believed to have been named after Juno and was also called Iunius.
  • July and August named after the emperors Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar, and they initially were the 5th and 6th months in the calendar.

ancient Roman calendar

According to Latin etymology, December contains the root “Decem” that means 10. It was the original tenth month of the old Roman calendar which initially began in March.

  • September was initially the seventh month.
  • October with the eight was initially the eighth month.
  • November was the ninth month, and December was the tenth month of the new year to begin in March.

In this Calendar, there a was 51 days of unaffiliated buffer time that occurred between December and March that just weren’t inside of any month.

Where do we get 1 January as New Year?

January, a time for reflecting on the year that has passed, and hoping for a good one to come.

Janus Roman God

You’re currently looking at the picture of Janus (Roman God).

  • Who is the idol of beginnings gates, transitions, time, doorways, Passages, endings and Roman mythology
  • He is depicted as having two faces:
  1. One which looks back into the past.
  2. Another one is looking into the present which symbolizes and represents looking ahead and looking behind which is actually from where the month named January comes and originates.

Adding the January and February

The King Numa Pompilius ( the second king of Rome, succeeding Romulus) added January and February to the original ten months which increased the year’s length to 354 or 355 days in the Roman calendar.


Julian Calendar

The Julian calendar that was introduced by Julius Caesar as a 45 B.C and replaced the old Roman calendar. In this timeline, he added leap years, 365 days that were divided into twelve months. The calendar even included February 30th as a real date.

Gregorian Calendar – Modern Day Calendar

The Gregorian calendar which was first adopted in 1582 and it’s named after Pope Gregory the 13th. Pope Gregory XIII consulted with an Italian astronomer and did a slight modification in the leap year schedule, having only ninety-seven leap years every four hundred years, instead of a hundred every four hundred years. Pope Gregory then instituted and mandated this new calendar, which we called the Gregorian calendar, and we still basically use today.

After the proper implementation of Gregorian Calendar, Now people across all the nations gather at popular places on January 1 to celebrate the precise arrival of the Happy New Year.

Hurray! We understood the history of the calendar. Now this New Year, let your special ones know the reason behind celebrating Happy New Year Year on 1 Jan. Also, please do not forget to check out the best Happy New Year 2018 SMS hand-picked by me.


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